Drought tolerant, winter hardy and resistant to winter browning; provides nesting and roosting cover for small birds; commonly used on inside row of shelterbelt plantings.
Latin name: Picea pungens Engelm
Type of tree: coniferous (introduced)
Height: 25 to 30 metres
Growth rate: slow to medium
Fruit and flowers: winged seeds produced in straw-coloured cones, from 7 to 10 centimetres in length; mature in August
Soil: clay or clay-loam soils preferred, but sandy soils are tolerated; poor alkali tolerance
Limitations: does not perform well on unprotected sites; will not tolerate flooding; some protection should be provided during establishment